by Horst Zoeller, 1996 - 2020, 67th Edition, 22 Nov 2020

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Junkers Pilots

Achterberg, Fritz Wilhelm

(* 1901, + 12 Jun 1939)

  1. Technical Director at Junkers Flugzeug- und Motorenwerke (1935-1939)

Facility Manager of the Motorenwerk at Dessau


Fritz Achterberg was born in 1901 and studied at Danzig and Berlin University. In 1924 he received his pilot license and joint Deutscher Aero Lloyd, which later was absorbed by Luft Hansa. Achterberg became managing director of Lufthansa's test department in August 1932.

In 1935 he joint Junkers Flugzeugwerke. He became the technical director and joint Untucht's Ju86 flight from Dessau to Bathurst in 1936. In September 1936 he became member of the board of IFM directors and he was the deputy chairman of this board until September 1938. Achterberg was also the facility manager of Junkers Motorenwerke at Dessau. In this position Achterberg enforced the Junkers Diesel Oil Engines for passenger aircraft. He died during a crash with an A48 in June 1939 near Angermuende.

Links other Sites:



Aikele, Julius

( * 12 Sep 1900 - )

1927 - 1945 JFA Construction Office (since 1930 Static Calculation Office Manager)
1946 - 1954 OKB-I Podberesje
1954 - 1961 VEB Flugzeugbau Dresden

Karl Aikele studied Static Calculations and worked with Heinkel in the mid-20s. In 1927 he Joint Junkers Flugzegwerke and followed Günther Bock in 1930 as the Head of the Static Calculations Department, which he kept until the end of WWII. In 1945 Waldemar Günther became Head of the Calculations Department, while Aikele took over responsibilities for the Structural Mechanics Laboratories. In 1946 Aikele was sent to Russia, where he worked at Baade's OKB-I in Podberesje. When Aikele returned from Russia in 1954 he Joint the VEB Flugzeugbau at Dresden. In 1961 Aikele took over the "Institut fuer Leichtbau" at Dresden University.






Angelroth, Herbert-Armin

* 28 Jul 1891, + 1943

Financial Director at Junkers Luftbild GmbH (1923-1932)


Herbert Angelroth Joint the German Army during WWI in 1914 and was a member of the Infantrie-Regiment 26 in Kurland and Romania. In 1917 he became a member of the Fliegertruppen. After flight Training Angelroth Joint FAA 258 as an observer at the West Front. In 1919 he was a member of the Fliegerstaffel 108. In 1919 he left the Army and Joint the Sachsenberg Kampfgeschwader in the Baltic Region. He finally left the Army in 1919/20.

He joint Junkers in August 1923. In 1925 he became financial manager of Junkers Luftbild Zentrale, which was part of Junkers Luftverkehr. When Junkers Luftverkehr was absorbed by Luft Hansa in 1926, the Luftbild Zentrale was integrated into Junkers Flugzeugwerke and Angelroth swapped over to Junkers Flugzeugwerke. He left Junkers in September 1932 and later joint the newly formed Luftwaffe. He was killed during a duty travel by car accident in 1943. 

Links to other Sites:



Arntzen, Heinrich Johann

* 11 Sep 1894, + ????

Manager Foreign Affairs (Fili Joint Venture) (1924-1927)

Manager JFAG Sales Department (1927-1929)


Arntzen performed his aerodynamic and engineering studies at TH Aachen. He designed several self built aircraft before WWI and received a FAI pilot license in 1913. Between 1914 and 1918 Arntzen was member of the Fliegertruppe. Initially he was engaged as an observer Pilot with FFA 34 and FFA 2. Later Arntzen became a fighter Pilot with Jasta 15 and in January 1918 he became commander of Jasta 50. Arntzen was wounded during a ballon attack in May 1918

In August 1923 Arntzen joint Junkers Flugzeugwerke and became assistant of the technical director. Since 1924 Arntzen became the responsible manager of the JFAG coordination unit to foreign production units, i.e. the Fili and Limhamn plants. As a member of the JFAG Sales Departement Arntzen organized a Yemen expedition in 1927. In 1928 Arntzen proposed an all metal sport aircraft, which was influenced from his market knowledge. This aircraft was finally developed by Pohlmann as the Junkers A50.

In January 1930 Arntzen left Junkers and joint Duerener Metallwerke AG. In 1935 Arntzen founded his own company, "Arntzen Leichtbau KG" at Brackwede, which was dissolved in 1945 by the Allies. He restarted in 1950 with an engineering office for light metal constructions and thermodynamic applications. 

Links to other Sites:



Augenreich, Ernst

* 1908, 14 Oct 1965

Manager Billing Account Junkers ZW Magdeburg (until 1945)

Director's Board of Hugo Junkers Gesellschaft (1956-1965)

Augenreich was manager of the billing account departement of the Magdeburg plants of Junkers Flugzeug und Motorenwerke AG during the final years. In 1956 he became member of the board of directors of the "Hugo Junkers Gesellschaft".



Baade, Brunolf

* 15 Mar 1904, + 5. Nov 1969

1939 – 1945 Ju88 Project Manager
1945 - 1946 Design Manager OKB-1 Dessau
1946 - 1955 Design Manager OKB-1 Podberesja
1955 - 1961 Design Manager VEB Dresden

Brunolf Baade was born in March 1904 in Berlin. In 1922 he started his aviation studies at TU Berlin, later at Munich, where he finished his studies in 1926. Brunolf Baade was busy as the chief engineer of Acron Airships in the USA since 1930 for ten years, before he returned to Germany in 1939, where he joined IFM Brunolf Baade was the responsible project manager of the Junkers Ju 88 and Junkers Ju 288 since May 1939. His final Junkers activities were focused on the Junkers Ju 287 development. When the Russians occupied Dessau, Brunolf Baade was one of the leading managers there. Under his leadership the Ju287 was finished. Together with other Junkers employees Baade went later to Moskow, where they were engaged in Russian bomber designs. In the fifties Baade returned to the German Democratic Republic, where he became manager at the Flugzeugwerke at Dresden. Under his management the German Democratic Republic started the development of a passenger jet airliner under the designation Baade 152, of which two finally became airborne. Under Soviet pressure this last Baade development was finally stopped. Since 1961 Baade was a professor at the University of Dresden until his death in 1969. 


  • Reinhard Mueller
    Brunolf Baade und die Luftfahrtindustrie der DDR
    Sutton-Verlag, 2010, ISBN 978-3866807211


Links to other Sites:



Dr. Backhaus, Georg

(* 22 Oct 1910 - )

1937 - 1945 JFM Aerodynamic Design Office (since 1941 Head)
1946 - 1954 OKB-I Podberesje

Georg Backhaus studied aerodynamics and became technical assistant of Prof. Wilhelm Hoff. In 1938 he became aerodynamic design engineer at Junkers and worked on the Ju90 flap System. In 1941 Backhaus became head of the aerodynamic design Office and followed Sighard Hoerner. Backhaus was engaged in the Ju287 wing design. In 1946 Backhaus was sent to the OKB-I in Podberesje from where he returned in 1954. Back in Germany, Backhaus worked for the VEB Flugzeugbau and since 1961 he became Professor for technical mechanics at the Technical Highschool of Dresden.




Bauer, Karl

4 Apr. 1884, + Sep 1918

1918 JFA Board of Directors

Karl Bauer performed his studies at TU Munich and Berlin between 1904 and 1910. In 1909 he joint Siemens-Schuckert's Mining Division in Berlin. In 1912 Bauer moved to the Draeger Facilities in Lubeck and became the responsible production manager there. In 1915 Bauer took over the position of the operational manager of the IDFLIEG test facilities at Adlershof and later changed to Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft, where he was responsible for the setup of a new aircraft production line. In Februar 1918 Bauer joint Junkers Flugzeugwerke and became member of the board of directors of the JFAG. In September 1918 Karl Bauer died.



Becker, Emil

* 13 Aug 1874, + 26. Dec 1960

1915 - 1919 Junkers + Co.
1919 - 1932 JFA Board of Directors

Emil Becker was a mechanic at a small company at Landsberg before he joint ICO in December 1915. Im May 1919 he was the responsible operational director of JFAG and in 1921 Becker became technical member of the board of directors of JFAG, which he holded until November 1931, when he left the board by his own request following disputes with Hugo Junkers. In September 1932 Becker left Junkers Flugzeugwerke and founded his own engineering office at Munich.





Bennhold, Walter

* , +

1899 – 1901
Versuchsanstalt Aachen

Walter Bennhold was the brother of Hugo Junkers' wife. In joint Hugo Junkers studies at Aachen and became the head of the Construction Office for Warm Water Stoves at Aachen in November 1899.



von Bentheim, Alexander

* 1 Apr 1896

1924 - 1932
Junkers Luftverkehr
and JFM Abt. Luftverkehr

Alexander von Bentheim joint Junkers Luftverkehr in July 1924. When Junkers Luftverkehr merged with Deutsche Aero Lloyd in 1926, Bentheim remained at Junkers Flugzeugwerke with the Air Traffic Department. In 1929 Bentheim was responsible for the sales tour of the Junkers G38 and in 1931 he became the responsible manager of the Air Traffic Department of Junkers Flugzeugwerke. Bentheim left Junkers in June 1932.



von Bentheim, Constantin

4 Oct 1886, + 2 Mar 1975

1922 – 1926 Lloyd Ostflug GmbH
also Foreign Affairs Fili, Tomtas

Constantin von Bentheim served in the Prussian Army and Navy until 1911. From 1911 to 1914 he joint the Turkish Army, but returned to Germany with the breakout of WWI. From 1916 to 1918 he was pilot at the German Westfront. Following WWI von Bentheim studied at the Economical Highschool in Berlin.

In 1922 he joint Junkers and worked on the setup of Lloyd Ostflug GmbH in Danzig. He was also engaged in the Fili Joint Venture in Russia. In 1924 Constantin von Bentheim was sent to the Balkan, where he mostly was engaged in the Tomtas facility at Kaisserie and in the discussions with the Turkish Government regarding a possible airline operation in Turkey. With the closing of Junkers Luftverkehrs GmbH, von Bentheim moved to Deutsche Luft Hansa in 1926.

At Lufthansa von Bentheim continued to use his experiences and connections in Russia and Turkey for the setup of new flight routes, i.e. the Transeurasian routes through Russia. In 1936 von Bentheim was arrested by Gestapo and was sent to court and later into prison and the KZ from 1937 to 1945. After WWII von Bentheim took over management positions at Siemens-Palnia in Berlin and Mineraloelwerke Wintershall in Halle. In 1950 von Bentheim left the Soviet Occupation Zone and in 1954 he retired in Hamburg.



Bergmann, Armin

* 1905, +1969

1934 – 1945 JFM Manager  Chemical Department

Armin Bergmann was the head of the Chemical Department of Junkers Flugzeugwerke. In sofar he was also responsible for analysis of material structures. After WWII he moved to Meinerzhagen, where he joint Otto Fuchs Werkstoffprüfungen. In 1949 Bergmann joint Gebr. Rautenbach Laboratories in Solingen, where he worked until his death in 1969.



Berner, Kurt


1923 – 1927
Junkers Luftverkehr
Sales South America

Kurt Berner joint Junkers Luftverkehr Sales Department in 1923. In May 1925 he moved Buenos Aires and headed the Esa Sales Department until December 1926. Back to Germany, Berner supported the Foreign Sales Department of Junkers Flugzeugwerke until Dec. 1927, when he left Junkers.



von Bezold, Albert

* 8 Jan 1869

1921 – 1926 JFM Technical Library

Albert von Bezold joint the German Army in 1883 and achieved the Officers Engineering examination in 1895 with the specialization in the field of telegraphy. Bezold left the Army in 1921 and moved to Junkers Flugzeugwerke, where he was responsible for the setup of the Library Department until June 1926, when he left Junkers Flugzeugwerke.



Bitterich, Hermann

* 24 Mar 1892

1920 – 1928 JFM Sales Department South America
Since 1928 Engineering Department

Hermann Bitterich joint Junkers Flugzeugwerke in March 1920. He was engaged in the South America Tour of Junkers and in aircraft sales to Cuba during 1923. Since Dec. 1928 Bitterich worked in the engineering department of Junkers Flugzeugwerke.



Blankenstein, Walter

1921 - 1925 Junkers Lloyd Luftverkehr

Since 1920 Walter Blankenstein was engaged for Luftfriko and for Lloyd Ostflug, where he took over the discussion position for Junkers Luftverkehr with the Allied Commission. In January 1921 Blankenstein joint Lloyd Ostflug and became assistant director of this airline. In May 1922 Blankenstein swapped over to Lloyd-Junkers-Luftverkehr GmbH of which he became the responsible director.



Blunck, Richard

* 19 Feb 1895

1927 - ???? Junkers

Richard Blunck performed his social, historical and literature studies at the universities of Kiel, Leipzig and Munich since 1913. After WWI Blunck took over several managing positions in newspapers and at museums. In 1927 Blunck joint Junkers, probably to support Junkers' ideas of the "Bauhaus" area. Blunck kept contact to Junkers at Schliersee after Junkers was arrested there and continued studies of metal house constructions with Hugo Junkers. In 1935 Blunck wrote a Junkers biography on request of Therese Junkers.



Bock, Guenther

* 10 Jun 1898, + 21 Feb 1970

1923 - 1926 Research Laboratories
1926 - 1931 Junkers Flugzeugwerke

Gunther Bock started his studies at TU Berlin after the end of WWI. In May 1923 Bock joint Junkers Flugzeugwerke and became member of Hugo Junkers private secretary at the Hauptburo. In October 1924 he changed to the Forschungsanstalt and researched structural questions of aircraft designs there. In January 1926 Bock joint the Flugzeugwerke and in 1930 he became manager of the static research office. He was responsible for the structural and strengthening question of the Junkers G23/24 passenger airliner.

In September 1931 Bock took over the position of a professor at the University of Danzig. Since 1933 he was the chief engineer of the Reichsluftfahrt Ministry and in 1936 he became director of the Flugwerk at Adlershof. From 1941 to the end of WWII Bock was the scientific manager of the DVL. From 1946 to 1954 he worked for the Soviets at Ramenskoje nr. Moscow under Brunolf Baade. In 1954 he returned to West Germany and became professor at the University of Darmstadt. In 1958 he was appointed as Rektor of the University of Darmstadt and in 1959 he became director of the German Aeronautical Association. In 1965 he took over the managing position of the DVL at Oberpfaffenhofen.



Bockermann, Herrmann

(* 20 Mar 1907 - )

1936 - 1945 JFM Motorenwerke
1946 - 1954 OKB-II Kuibyschew
1955 - ???? VEB Pirna

Herrmann Bockermann Joint Junkers in 1936 as gear specialist. He developed the automatic Propeller gear at Junkers. In 1946 he was deported to Kuibyshew in Russia. He was responsible for the gear development of the world strongest Prop-Turbine NK-12, which was called the Bockermann Gear. When Bockermann returned to Germany in 1954 he became responsible for the prop gear development at the Prina Engine Plant,







Boehler, Friedrich

* 10 Apr 1894

1926 – 1929 Tomtas, Kaisserie
1929 - 1940 Eurasia, Nanking
1940 - ???? Jumo
???? - 1946 China

 Friedrich Boehler joint Junkers in 1925. In 1926 he was sent to Kaisserie in Turkey as a mechanic for the setup of Tomtas. From Turkey Boehler went to China and supported the setup of a maintenance station at Nanking for Eurasia. In 1940 he returned to Germany and became a certificate engineer at Junkers Motorenwerke. Before the end of WWII, Boehler returned to China again as a consultant for the National Chinese Army of Chiang-Kai-Chek. In 1946 Boehler returned to Germany and left Junkers officially.



Dr. Boehm, Alois Robert

* 28 Oct 1892

1927 – 1932
Junkers Head Office

Alois Boehm joint Junkers in May 1927. He was engaged in several fields of Junkers Flugzeugwerke, mostly in the area of foreign affairs and license agreements. He established the Main Office Department of Junkers Flugzeugwerke and in 1930 he became responsible manager of the foreign affairs and public relation office of Junkers Flugzeugwerke. In 1932 he left Junkers and continued as a private engineer in Paris.



Boehme, Adolf

1925 - 1930 Tomtas, Turkey later Persia

Adolf Boehme was the technical and financial manager of the TOMTASCH facilities in Turkey since 1925. When Tomtasch was dissolved in 1928 he changed to Persia and became Junkers pilot of the Persian government. In 1930 Boehme returned to Germany.



Dr. Bohne, Willy

1933 - 1936 JFM Supervisor Board

Dr. Willy Bohne became member of the IFA supervisory board on 24th November 1933, after Hugo Junkers was forced to leave his company. Bohne was already vice president of the commerce board of Halberstadt at this time. Bohne left the supervisory board on 15.07.1936.



Bongers, Hans Martin

5 Dec 1898, 23 Mar 1981

1918 - 1923 JFA Financial Department
1923 - 1926 Junkers Luftverkehr

Hans Bongers joint Junkers as a financial employee in October 1918. From 1921 to 1923 Bongers studied at the University of Munich economic and financial research areas. Since March 1923 Bongers is engaged at the initialization of Junkers Luftverkehr AG. Together with Kurt Weil, Bongers analysed the cost structure of an airline operation. When Junkers Luftverkehr was absorbed by Luft Hansa in 1926, Bongers changed to the newly formed Luft Hansa.

In 1929 he was responsible for the reorganisation of the Luft Hansa technical workshops. Later Bongers became member of the board of directors of Luft Hansa. After the end of WWII Bongers was engaged in the setup of a new German airline and in 1951 he founded the "Buro Bongers" at Bonn as a consultant office for the German government regarding the setup of such an airline. From this "Buro Bongers" finally Lufthansa post war airline was created in 1955. Bongers became the first chairman of the board of directors of Lufthansa in 1955 until 1965, when he left Lufthansa.



Brandenburg, Fritz

* 16 Mar 1882, + Dec 1970

1912 - ???? Research Laboratory Aachen later Dessau
???? - 1933 Junkers Motorenwerke
1933 - 1945 Junkers Office Munich

Fritz Brandenburg studied between 1902 and 1908 at the Technical Universites of Darmstadt and Braunschweig. In 1910 he became a secretary assistant of Prof. Kochy at the University of Aachen. He was responsible for railway constructions and mass transport questions. In 1912 Brandenburg joint the Junkers research labs at Aachen. At the end of WWI Brandenburg took over the financial managing position of the Junkers research labs. Later he was also responsible for financials of the Junkers Motorenwerke GmbH. Since 1933 Brandenburg was employed at the Junkers Headoffice at Munich. Fritz Brandenburg was also design engineer at Junkers & Co. during WW I. He was engaged in the developement of the J.4 On 13.09.1919 he was onboard F13 Annelise, when this aircraft achieved a altitude world record



Brandner, Ferdinand

* 17 Nov 1903

1937 - 1945 Junkers Motorenwerke
1946 - 1954 Manager OKB-2 Kuibyschew

Ferdinand Brandner studied at Vienna University. In April 1937 he joint Junkers Flugzeug- und Motorenwerke and became the responsible managing engineer for the Jumo 222 developement. In 1945 he was sent to Russia and continued aircraft engine developement for the Soviets. At the Experimental Factory No. 2 in Kuibyschew Brandner headed the OKB-2 developement department and designed a 12000 hpr aircraft engine here. In 1954 he returned to Austria.

During the early 60s Brandner supported the E-300 engine development in Egypt for Messerschmitt's Ha-300, before he became a technical director at BMW in Munich.


Books about Brandner:

Ein Leben zwischen den Fronten
Biography by Ferdinand Brandner
published by Welsermühlen Verlag, Munich, 1976
376 pages



Dr. von Brauchitsch, Eberhard

* 1895, + 1937

1935 - 1935 Junkers Motorenwerke Board of Directors

From 1927 to 1931 Eberhard von Brauchitsch was operational manager of the Henschel Werke. In 1931 he joint Borsig Werke and became chairman of the Engine Facility Sehmer. In 1935 he was the Technical Director of the Magdeburg Facilities of Junkers and in July 1936 he became member of the board of directors of Jumo until his death in 1937.



Brauer, Otto

* 16 Oct 1897, + 16 Apr 1976

1922 - 1926 Junkers Luftverkehr
1941 - 1945 RLM Test Manager at JFM

Since 1909 Otto Brauer was engaged in model aircraft designs and after finishing his school he joint Albatros Flugzeugwerke at Berlin in August 1914. Shortly after the breakout of WWI he joint the Fliegertruppe, where he mostly was engaged at the bomber squadrons, i.e. 9 Bogohl 6 (144). In 1921 he joint the Deutsche Luftreederei as a pilot and in November 1922 he changed to Junkers Luftverkehr. In 1926 he was absorbed by Luft Hansa, when Junkers Luftverkehr was taken over. In December 1929 he was called into the RLM supervisory board at Junkers Flugzeugwerke for the Junkers G38 developement and test programme. In October 1930 he became the G38 chief pilot at Lufthansa. With the breakout of WWII Brauer was taken over by the German Luftwaffe. In November 1941 he became developement and test manager of the RLM at Junkers Flugzeugwerke.

In August 1945 he was arrested by the Soviets and in April 1947 he was sent to Russia as a prisoneer of war for one year. After WWII Brauer took over several representative positions in German Aviation Organisations, i.e. in 1955 he became the chairman of the German Pilot Association. In 1958 Brauer became member of the Commercial Air Transport Institute at the TU Berlin until 1964.



Brausewaldt, Horst

* 1905, + 1979

1934 – 1945 JFM PR Department

Horst Brausewaldt was a financial employee at Arado Flugzeugwerke since 1925. Parallel he was responsible publisher of the Illustrated Flight Week since 1928. In 1934 Brausewaldt moved from Arado to Junkers and became responsible for Public Relations at Junkers. Several books were published by him, i.e. Menschen im Werk or Sturzkampfflugzeuge. Since 1958 Brausewaldt was PR Manager at Messerschmitt.




Dr. Bruhn, Richard

* 25 Jun 1886, + 8 Jul 1964

1927 – 1929 JFM Main Office
1931 - ???? Supervisory Board Junkers-Diesel-Kraftmaschinen

Richard Bruhn is mostly well-known as the founder of Auto-Union, which today is Audi. For a short period Bruhn worked also for Junkers Flugzeugwerke since April 1927, when he joint the Main Offce. Already in 1929 Bruhn left Junkers again. But in 1931 he became member of the supervisory board of the Junkers-Diesel-Kraftmaschinen GmbH on behalve of DKW (Deutsche Kraftwagen Werke). In 1932 Bruhn founded Auto-Union as part of DKW and after WWII he refounded Auto Union GmbH in Ingoldstadt in 1949.



Busse, Max

( * 13 Sep 1900 - )

1928 - 1945 JFM Construction Office

Max Busse Joint the Junkers Construction Office in 1928. He was busy on Engine Designs and became a specialist for fuelling Systems. He designed the fuel Systems for the Junkers Ju86, Ju87 and Ju287.

In 1946 he was sent to OKB-I in Podberesje. When he returned to Germany in 1954, he Joint the VEB Flugzeugbau Dresden, where he was Manager of the fuel System Department.





Butter, Benno

* 23 Oct 1886

1912 – ???? Research Laboratories

Benno Butter joint the Experimental Laboratories in Aachen in June 1912. Later he moved to the construction office of the Research Laboratories in 1919.



von Buttlar, Waldemar

* 1885, + 1952

1932 Trustee of JFM

Waldemar von Butlar was an early pre WWI pilot with a lot of experience. After WWI he became manager of the BMW office in Berlin. By that, he also became trustee of Junkers Flugzeugwerke during the Junkers bankruptcy in 1932.



Dr. Cordes, Gerhard

( * 11 Jul 1912 - )

1920er JFAG Engine Plants
1946 - 1954 OKB-II Kuibschew
1955 - ???? VEB Pirna

Gerhard Cordes started his carreer at Junkers in the 1920s at the Engine Plant of the Junkers Flugzeugwerke as an aerodynamical engineer. He became Manager of the Prop calculation Department.

In 1945 he started his work on Jet engines, when he Joint the Jumo 012A Programme. In 1946 he was sent to Kuibschew, where he developed the Jumo 012B PTL. He was also member of the Jumo 022 and the NK-12 development Team.

In 1954 he returned to Germany and participated in the Pirna 014 development. Cordes later became Professor at the Technical Highschool of Dresden.



Cyron, Kurt

( * 29 Oct 1907 - )

1935 - 1945 JFM Construction Office

Kurt Cyron was a studying collegue of Hans Wocke. He Joint Junkers in March 1935 and worked on the Ju160, later also Ju88. He designed the Center wing of the Ju88 and later transfered the design to the Ju290. In 1940 Cyron became type Manager for the Junkers Ju252/352 and in 1944 he took over responsibility for the Me263/Ju248.





introduced Mar 2004, transfered 8 Dec 2017
contents last updated 13 Feb 2018