by Horst Zoeller, 1996 - 2020, 67th Edition, 22 Nov 2020

Transeuropa Union

Transeuropa Union Baggage Tag
Time Table Images

October 1923 in Munich

Junkers Flugzeugwerke A.G.

Ad Astra Aero
Ungarischer Aeroexpress (until 1924)
Rumpler Luftverkehrs A.G.
Bayerischer Luft-Lloyd
Junkers Luftverkehrs A.G. (since Aug. 1924)
Saechsische Luftverkehrs A.G. (since 1924)
Suedwestdeutsche Luftverkehrs A.G. (since 1924)

associated members:
Dansk Lufttransport (since 1925)
Nederlandsche Werekdverkeer Maatschappij (since 1925)

Management Positions:
Oscar Miller - Chairman of Supervisory Board


Company Development:
Transeuropa Union was founded on 30th October 1923 during a setup meeting of the future member airlines at Munich-Oberschleissheim. Like Osteuropa Union, TREU became responsible for the common marketing and financial clearing between the member airlines. The initial members were operating the Transeuropean route from Geneve (Ad Astra Aero) via Munich (Rumpler and B.L.L.) and Vienna (Oelag) to Budapest (Ungarischer Aeroexpress).

In 1924 Ungarischer Aeroexpress left Transeuropa Union as the Hungarian Government intended to reduce the foreign influence on Hungary's air transportation. On the other hand two new with the help of Junkers established German airlines joint TREU in 1924. These were Saechsische Luftverkehrs A.G. in Dresden and Suedwestdeutsche Luftverkehrs A.G. in Frankfurt. Also the newly formed Junkers Luftverkehrs A.G. became officially a member of TREU, when it was formed in August 1924.

In 1925 cooperation agreements were made with Dansk Lufttransport for the routing from Malmo and Copenhagen to Hamburg with a link to the Ruhrgebiet. Another agreement was made with NWM in Holland for the route from Amsterdam to Essen. Several new airlines were formed in Germany with the support of Junkers Luftverkehr in 1925 as well. Nevertheless, these airlines did not join Transeuropa Union, as Junkers was already thinking about the integration of his two unions into one Europe wide organisation called Europa Union.

A major lack of the two independent unions was their missing integration. Both networks were more or less integrated at Berlin. But not only the flightplans did show little connectivity via Berlin, also there was no financial clearing between both unions for passengers, which travelled from one union to the other. There was also no utilization of aircraft or crews flown by the other union. Even there was no marketing of flights for the other union. This became really a problem with the extension of the inner German network in 1925. Initially Junkers tried to concentrate on the TREU network by adding all routes to the network, which entered Germany, i.e. the Malmo-Hamburg route was added to the TREU network even when Dansk Lufttransport was more integrated into the Nordeuropa Union. But finally Junkers decided to fully integrate both unions into one large union called the Europa Union, which was founded in May 1925. It was planned, that Transeuropa Union and Nordeuropa Union should transfer their operations into Europa Union during the second half of 1925. Due to the financial collapse of the Junkers Flugzeugwerke this transfer was not completed before Junkers Luftverkehr was integrated into Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G. in January 1926.

TREU itself was liquidated on 31st December 1925.


introduced Aug 1996, transfered Dec 2017
contents last updated 7 Aug 2005