by Horst Zoeller, 1996 - 2020, 67th Edition, 22 Nov 2020

Junkers L55

Twelve Cylinder V-form, four strokes, 2 stage loader, water-cooled, 1928

While the Junkers L5 was convenient for most commercial utilizations, it was not strong enough for special missions like high altitude flights or for powering larger aircraft as the G38, which came out in the late twenties. Therefore further developement was performed on the Junkers L5. For these special task missions it seemed to be usefull to extend the classic six cylinders of the L5 to twelve by combining two single six cylinder engines in one new 12 cylinder engine. The result of this led to the twelve cylinder Junkers L55 engine in 1927.

The Junkers L55 was a V-Engine with two L5 engines, which were arranged in a 60 degree angle. Due to the fact, that the L55 consisted of two L5 engines, it had the same compression rates like the L5 and same technical base data at double power capacity. In 1928 a compressor block was added to L55 and this engine was mounted at the
G38. Also a special high altitude version of the L55 was developed, which should be added to the Ju49 high altitude test aircraft. Loader Units and Transmission Gear experiments were also performed with the L55.

But as the further developed L8 engine became available in 1928, further developement was done on the combination of two of this engine type into one
Junkers L88, which was the further improved L55 engine by the end of the twenties. Only a few L55 really were mounted to aircraft. However the L55 was the first twelve cylinder Junkers engine.

Technical Data:

Engine Designator year Cyl. Bore
in mm
in mm
in litres
in %
in m
in m
in m
in kg
T/O Power
in kW
Cruise Power
in kW
L55 (Type 1)
L55 (Type 2)
L55 (Type 3)
L55 (Altitude)
1927 12 160 190 45,8 7,0
2,287 0,840 1,273 575 515
1520 313

Aircraft Types equipped with L55:

Junkers G38a
The G38 prototype D-2000 was equipped with two L55 engines
together with a further two L8 engines in 1929.
Later the L55 engines were changed with L88 engines.
The second G38 instead got the further improved L88a engines.
Both aircraft later got the Junkers Jumo 204A.

Junkers Ju49ba
The high altitude version of the L55 was specially developed
for the high altitude experimental aircrat Ju49ba.
Finally the further improved L88a was used on that aircraft.




introduced Nov 1996, transfered Aug 2017
contents last updated 20 Sep 2003