by Horst Zoeller, 1996 - 2017, 63rd Edition, 8 December 2017

Junkers & Co

See also Junkers & Co Philatelic Items


 

later also known as
ICO, VEB Gasgeraete Dessau, Dessauer Gasgeraete GmbH


Founded:
July 1895 at Dessau, Germany
by Hugo Junkers and
Dr. Robert Ludwig
absorbing
Hugo Junkers - Civilingenieur, Dessau

Main Business:
Warm Water Stove Production
Thermodynamic Measurement Toolings
Metal Construczions
Aircraft Production (since 1911/15)

ICO was responsible for serial production of thermodynamic products
developed by the Junkers research institutes. The relation between ICO
and the research institutes was based on license agreements.

Management Positions:
1895 - 1897 Dr. Robert Ludwig, financial director and 50% ownership until 1897
1895 - 1897 Hugo Junkers, technical director and 50% ownership (100% since 1897)
1897 - 1917 Herrmann Schleissing, financial director
1917 - Paul Spaleck, financial director

Facilities:
1895 - 1896 Initial laboratories/facilities at the areal of Continentale Gasgesellschaft, Dessau
1896 - 1907 New facility, Albrechtstrasse 47, Dessau
1901 - 1907 Additional facilities at Max Junkers' textile company, Rheydt
1906 New facility, Cothenschen Strasse 303, Dessau
1937 Wolfgangstrasse, Dessau (from Askania)
1953 New facility at Wernau (Bosch-Junkers)



ICO Facility at Dessau, Coethensche Str. 303


Comercial Results:

Year

Turnover

in .000 Mark

Net Earnings

in .000  Mark

License Fees

in .000 Mark

1901

260

41

26

1902

300

35

30

1903

395

107

39

1904

500

140

50

1905

640

212

64

1906

750

187

75

1907

820

132

82

1908

850

133

85

1909

980

188

98

1910

1.240

172

124

1911

1.800

207

180

1912

2.200

200

220

1913

2.400

158

240

1914

3.195

330

304

1915

3.850

560

385

1916

2.547

306

127

1917

5.390

660

483

 



Company Development:
1895 Opening of own facility areal at Albrechtstrasse in Dessau
1897 Dr. Robert Ludwig left ICO as a director. Junkers took over his shares for 52000 Marks
1897 Herrmann Schleissing became new financial director of ICO
1898 Increased Sales Organisation with independent sales companies
1901 Opening additional facilities at Rheydt (Max Junkers' textile company)
1904 Structuring program at ICO, Foundation of Kalorifer departement
1904 Annual turnover 508.735 Mark
1906 Opening new facility at Cothenschen Strasse in Dessau
1907 Transfer of Albrechtstrasse and Rheydt-facilities to Cothenschen Strasse
1908 Foundation of Kaloriferwerk Hugo Junkers at Aachen
1909 Annual Turnover 1.011.080 Mark
1911 Sale of 100.000th Junkers bath stove
1911 Initial aircraft activities with the construction of the Reissner cunard aircraft
1914 Reduced bath stove production, increased war production
1915 Construction of first Junkers aircraft design, Junkers J1
1916 Further aircraft production with J2, J3 and J4
1917 Outsourcing of the aircraft production unit of ICO into Junkers-Fokker-Werke A.G. (20.10.1917)
1917 New ICO financial director: Paul Spaleck
1917 Record earnings of 1.143.000 Marks at ICO
1921 Outsourcing of thermotechnical products into Kaloriferwerk
1931 Foundation of Junkers Thermo Technik GmbH for production of thermodynamic toolings
1932 ICO and other Junkers companies unable to pay bills due to worldwide economic crisis (07.03.32)
1932 Official Settlement against Junkers companies initiated (April 1932)
1932 As a result of the settlement between Junkers and his creditors, ICO is sold to Robert Bosch AG for a price of 2.6 million RM (01.11.32)
1946 Junkers Dessau becomes VEB Gasgeraetewerk Dessau (02.05.46)
1953 New Facility at Wernau
1990 VEB Gasgeraetewerk Dessau tranfered into Dessauer Gasgeraete GmbH
1993 Junkers is integrated into Bosch Thermotechnik GmbH

ICO holded a total of 14 Junkers patents,
12 patents were issued for warm water stove techniques
2 patents were issued on special production techniques

ICO Aircraft Production:
Reissner cunard - one prototype built in 1911/12
J1 - one prototype built in 1915
J2 - one prototype, plus five additional experimental aircraft built in 1916
J3 - prototype construction started, but not finished in 1916
J4 - three prototypes built J425.17 to 427.17 in 1916
J4 - 50 serial aircraft J100.17 to J149.17 handed over to Junkers-Fokker-Werke
J7 - one prototype
J8 - one prototype, probably converted from J7
J9 - one prototype D2266.18
J9 - ten serial aircraft D5180.18 to 5189.18, all built, orderd 21.Aug 1918
J9 - ten serial aircraft D9160.18 to 9169.18
J9 - 20 serial aircraft D10307.18 to D10326.18, probably not built
J10 - 20 serial aircraft ordered, cancelled


License Production:

Ducretet (France), license production of Calorimeter since July 1895
Nachtheim (Austria), bath stoves and heater systems since Dec. 1897
Noelke (Belgium), bath stoves since Aug. 1904
Leonce Fabre (France), calorimeter since March 1909
Kersten und Co. (Australia), bath stoves since August 1911
Selas A.G. (Poland), bath stoves since April 1912
Masslennikow und Co. (Russia), bath stoves since 1912
Voigt, Baut und Co. (France), bath stoves since Februar 1913


Links to other Sites:


 

 

 

introduced Aug 1996, transfered Dec 2017
http://hugojunkers.bplaced.net/
contents last updated 30th May 2004