Junkers (OKB-1) EF150
Heavy Jet Bomber Aircraft, built in Russia
Junkers EF150 in 1952
The Junkers EF150 was developed at Podberesje at the OKB-1 since October 1948. The design was started as RB-2 with a bomb load of 1500kg and a range of 4500km at 1100 km/h in 15000m altitude. This aircraft had a back swept wing, a T-tail unit, a tandem center undercarriage with supporting wheels at the wing tips and two Soviet Ljulka AL-5 engines. Additional JATO rockets could be mounted to the rear fuselage for short take off runs. The Control System of the EF150 was electrical making the EF150 a very early example of fly by wire aircraft.
First flight Trials were done in September 1952. On 9th May 1953 the EF150-V1 stalled on landing and crashed onto the ground. The EF150 was not repaired. The Tupolew Tu-16 was put into serial production instead of the EF150. The EF150 finally marked the end of a developement line in Russia, which had been started in 1944 with the Ju287. Between 1950 and 1953 most of the Junkers employees at Podberesje returned to Germany.
RB-2 Basic Design of 1948
But still yet in Germany, some aircraft designs were influenced by the Ju287 design. Baade returned to the German Democratic Republic in 1953. Here he became responsible for the developement of Germany's first jet airliner at Dresden, which was later named Baade 152. Of course this aircraft did not have much similarity with the Ju287, but a lot of design features were directly taken from the EF150.
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- CIA.gov - EF150 Information (Juli 1952)
- CIA.gov - Description of the EF150 Aircraft (Oct 1953)
- Wikipedia.org - Alexejew 150 Story, Data
- MilitaryFactory.com - OKB-1 EF150 Story, Data
- AirPages.ru - EF150 Story, Photos
introduced Aug 2017
contents last updated 23.08.2017